State-of-the-art tools to identify druggable protein ligand of SARS-CoV-2

Sayed Abdul Azeez, Zahra Ghalib Alhashim, Waad Mohammed Al Otaibi, Hind Saleh Alsuwat, Abdallah M. Ibrahim, Noor B. Almandil, J. Francis Borgio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Copyright © 2020 Termedia & Banach. Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 (previously 2019-nCoV) outbreak in Wuhan, China and other parts of the world affects people and spreads coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) through human-to-human contact, with a mortality rate of > 2%. There are no approved drugs or vaccines yet available against SARS-CoV-2. Material and methods: State-of-the-art tools based on in-silico methods are a cost-effective initial approach for identifying appropriate ligands against SARS-CoV-2. The present study developed the 3D structure of the envelope and nucleocapsid phosphoprotein of SARS-CoV-2, and molecular docking analysis was done against various ligands. Results: The highest log octanol/water partition coefficient, high number of hydrogen bond donors and acceptors, lowest non-bonded interaction energy between the receptor and the ligand, and high binding affinity were considered for the best ligand for the envelope (mycophenolic acid: log P = 3.00; ΔG = -10.2567 kcal/mol; pKi = 7.713 μM) and nucleocapsid phosphoprotein (1-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methyl]pyrazole-3,5-dicarboxylic acid: log P = 2.901; ΔG = -12.2112 kcal/mol; pKi = 7.885 μM) of SARS-CoV-2. Conclusions: The study identifies the most potent compounds against the SARS-CoV-2 envelope and nucleocapsid phosphoprotein through state-of-the-art tools based on an in-silico approach. A combination of these two ligands could be the best option to consider for further detailed studies to develop a drug for treating patients infected with SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19.
Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Medical Science
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

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