© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2021. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a pandemic is “the worldwide spread of a new disease.” Another descriptive definition of a pandemic says: “an epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a vast area, crossing international boundaries and usually affecting a large number of people.” The WHO, on March 11, 2020, has announced the outbreak of novel coronavirus disease (nCoV or COVID-19 or SARS-CoV-2) as a pandemic. Since then, COVID-19 has come as a shock to society and health systems. It has surpassed provincial, radical, conceptual, spiritual, social, and pedagogical boundaries. In the present pandemic situation, all countries are fighting their battle with COVID-19 and looking for a practical and cost-effective solution to face the problems. This chapter highlights the COVID-19 pandemic challenges faced by individuals and healthcare systems and how society is trying to utilize the benefits of the latest technologies, such as the sensor network and the Internet of things.
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