A district-level susceptibility and vulnerability assessment of the COVID-19 pandemic's footprint in India

Kashif Imdad, Mehebub Sahana, Md Juel Rana, Ismail Haque, Priyank Pravin Patel, Malay Pramanik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

© 2020 In this study, we trace the COVID-19 pandemic's footprint across India's districts. We identify its primary epicentres and the outbreak's imprint in India's hinterlands in four separate time-steps, signifying the different lockdown stages. We also identify hotspots and predict areas where the pandemic may spread next. Significant clusters in the country's western and northern parts pose risk, along with the threat of rising numbers in the east. We also perform epidemiological and socioeconomic susceptibility and vulnerability analyses, identifying resident populations that may be physiologically weaker, leading to a high incidence of cases and pinpoint regions that may report high fatalities due to ambient poor demographic and health-related factors. Districts with a high share of urban population and high population density face elevated COVID-19 risks. Aspirational districts have a higher magnitude of transmission and fatality. Discerning such locations can allow targeted resource allocation to combat the pandemic's next phase in India.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSpatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
Volume36
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2021

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