Maternal and perinatal outcomes and pharmacological management of Covid-19 infection in pregnancy: a systematic review protocol

  • Binny Thomas (Contributor)
  • Abdulrouf Pallivalapila (Contributor)
  • Wessam El Kassem (Contributor)
  • Asma Tarannum (Contributor)
  • Fatema Al Hail (Contributor)
  • Mohammed Rijims (Contributor)
  • Hussain Parappil (Contributor)
  • Arabo Ibrahim Bayo (Contributor)
  • Shamsa Ahmad (Contributor)
  • Zachariah Nazar (Contributor)
  • Derek Stewart (Contributor)
  • Fatema Al Hail (Contributor)



Abstract Background Over 4.2 million confirmed cases and more than 285,000 deaths, COVID-19 pandemic continues to harm significant number of people worldwide. Several studies have reported the impact of COVID-19 in general population; however, there is scarcity of information related to pharmacological management and maternal and perinatal outcomes during the pandemic. Altered physiological, anatomical, and immunological response during pregnancy makes it more susceptible to infections. Furthermore, during pregnancy, a woman undergoes multiple interactions with the health care system that increases her chance of getting infected; therefore, managing pregnant population presents a unique challenge. Research questions This systematic review seeks to answer the following questions in relation to COVID-19: What are the different clinical characteristics presented in maternal and perinatal population? What are the different maternal and perinatal outcome measures reported? What are the distinct therapeutic interventions reported to treat COVID-19? Is it safe to use “medications” used in the treatment of COVID-19 during antenatal, perinatal, postnatal, and breastfeeding? Method The search will follow a comprehensive, sequential three step search strategy. Several databases relevant to COVID-19 and its impact on pregnancy including Medline, CINAHL, and LitCovid will be searched from the inception of the disease until the completion of data collection. The quality of this search strategy will be assessed using Peer Review of Electronic Search Strategies Evidence-Based Checklist (PRESS EBC). An eligibility form will be developed for a transparent screening and inclusion/exclusion of studies. All studies will be sent to RefWorks, and abstraction will be independently performed by two researchers. Risk of bias will be assessed using Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for randomized controlled trials, Newcastle–Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale for non-randomized studies, and for case reports, Murad et al. tool will be used. Decision to conduct meta-analysis will be based on several factors including homogeneity and outcome measures reported; otherwise, a narrative synthesis will be deemed appropriate. Discussion This systematic review will summarize the existing data on effect of COVID-19 on maternal and perinatal population. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic review addressing therapeutic management and safety of medicines to treat COVID-19 during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Systematic review registration This systematic review has been registered and published with Prospero ( CRD42020172773 ).
Date made available1 Jan 2020
PublisherFigshare - Springer

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